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EHLEN VE SEHLEN Vrijeme
Vrijeme

Zemaljska kugla podijeljena je u 24 satne zone od kojih svaka ima 15 stepeni dužine.Svaki stepen ima po 4 minute.Svaka satna zona ima svoj merdijan.Svako mjesto na zemlji pripada nekoj vremenskoj zoni.Jedinstveni takvim i sve opservatorije svjeta ravnaju se prema meridijanu Engleske zvjezdarnice Grinič(Greenwich) i prema njemu se mjere i određujuu geografske dužine i zonalno vrijeme.
                                                             Vaktija
Svi takvimi redovito sadrže početak vremena za pet dnevnih namaza:Sabah(fedžr), podne (zuhr), ikindiju(asr), akšam(magrib) i jaciju(iš‘a).To je vaktija.


Zora fedžr pada u vrijeme kada se središte Sunca nalazi 19 stepeni ispod istočnog horizonta.
Dnevni post (imsak) počinje neposredno prije, a sabahsko vrijeme (fedžr) neposredno iza zore.
Izlaz Sunca je čas prestanka sabahskog vremena.
Dan u muslimanskom kalendaru(takvimu) počinje od zalaza Sunca i traje do sljedećeg zalaza.
Sedmica u muslimanskom kalendaru počinje petkom, kada se klanja džuma , obavezni zajednički namaz.Taj dan se i naziva džum'a.Džum'a namaz je u vrijeme podnevskog vakta.

Šeriatski propis o početku mjeseca određuje , da mjesec počinje od one večeri u kojoj se prvi put vidi Mlađak (hilal – srp).
Mjesec je okrenut Zemlji uvijek istom stranom svoje površine .
Na sjevernoj polutki Zemlje je mlad Mjesec ispupčenom stranom uvijek okrenut nadesno, a stari nalijevo.
Na Kretanju Mjeseca osnovan je Muslimanski kalendar (takvim) u kome se broje godine od Hidžreta, tj. od godine u kojoj je Muhamed alejhisselam, doselio iz Meke u Medinu.To je bilo 8. rebiulevvela u ponedjeljak , 20 septembra 622. god. građanskog kalendara.Muharrem je prvi mjesec i u tadanjoj arapskoj godini pa je tako zadržan i u hidžretskoj.Astronomski je utvrđeno da jedan mjesečev mjesec ima prosječno 29 dana, 12 sati, 44 minute i 3 sekunde.Šest mjeseci ima po 29 dana, a 6 mjeseci po 30 dana .

 

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